The Secret of Synchronization

How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico - go to www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any crate.
An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz - this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn't contribute to. His Podcast "The Joy of X" is wonderful - please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts www.quantamagazine.org/tag/the-joy-of-x
Nicky Case's Amazing Firefly Interactive - ncase.me/fireflies
Great Kuramoto Model Interactive - www.complexity-explorables.org/explorables/ride-my-kuramotocycle
References:
Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. - ve42.co/Sync
Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. - ve42.co/Strogatz2000
Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. - ve42.co/Goldsztein
The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster - ve42.co/Broughton
Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens's clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. - ve42.co/Bennett2002
Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. - ve42.co/Pantaleone2002
Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. -- ve42.co/Kuramoto1975
Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon - ve42.co/MinuteEarth
Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. - ve42.co/Strogatz2005
Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. - ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007
Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. - ve42.co/Cardiac
Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. - ve42.co/Cherry2008
Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - ve42.co/Tyson1994
Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. - ve42.co/Winfree2001
Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
GFX and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci
More footage from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
100 metronome video from isboth.info/total/16utqGfDoInRlck/v-deo
Intro animation by Jorge Cham
Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: isboth.info/total/rYCjZKnUjX7d0dU/v-deo and
NileRed isboth.info/total/sIJonozVlmaY2bs/v-deo
Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton - ve42.co/Cardiac and ve42.co/Cherry2008
Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/outreach/UCI_Outreach/index.html
Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O'Donoghue for the planetary science help
Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed" "Deeper Than The Ocean" "Ripple Effect"
Music also from Artlist artlist.com "Children of Mystery"
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

Ummæli

  1. Wan Thin

    Wan Thin37 sekúndur síðan

    It’s almost like all we know was made by a creator

  2. Dilan Madushanka

    Dilan Madushanka19 mínútum síðan

    Amazing Explanation. Thank you !

  3. hksjoshua

    hksjoshua25 mínútum síðan

    Items are going to synchronize themselves if they are rocking on pop cans idiots

  4. PandemicLui

    PandemicLuiKlukkustund síðan

    i did not think id be fascinated by bridges ans walking. you guys did an amazing job, especially Prof. Steven Strogatz. hats off to you sir for the excitement in your voice, really kept me hooked.

  5. G58

    G58Klukkustund síðan

    Cool

  6. rei1556

    rei1556Klukkustund síðan

    does it still synchronized if there's no swaying on the platform?

  7. Taxavie Bro

    Taxavie BroKlukkustund síðan

    10:10 this is creepy af

  8. harry j

    harry jKlukkustund síðan

    I really hope you could make a video that addresses the real risks associated with Japanese nuclear water problem. It matters to everyone and every living thing.

  9. Bordo Bereli

    Bordo Bereli2 klukkustundum síðan

    THE ANSWER IS ALLAH !

  10. wcody777

    wcody7774 klukkustundum síðan

    As an entertainer, I've had audiences clap to request an encore, (just a few times - I was never famous) and it always starts out random, but the point at which the band must come back out on stage is when the clapping is synchronized, as if they were demanding another song. I always thought it was deliberate, but I sit corrected.

  11. Marcelo Costa

    Marcelo Costa4 klukkustundum síðan

    It is possible to use the quantum entanglement of two linked particles to trigger or stop the clock control, to measure the speed of light in one way?.

  12. Monolith

    Monolith4 klukkustundum síðan

    hey internet! my brain just linked these two parts of information... hope you can do something with it: the spirals of the chemical reaction and the electrical excitation of the heart look exactly like the one that was recorded at the 2009 Norwegian spiral anomaly! there must be some deeper meaning to this but im clueless atm xy

  13. shiva

    shiva4 klukkustundum síðan

    Is this what it means to become one with everything... to become in time with everything???

  14. Simard jean

    Simard jean5 klukkustundum síðan

    2:04...they are swinging on purpose. Obviously

  15. Y eah

    Y eah6 klukkustundum síðan

    Definetely has a connection with Aikido

  16. Luke Salazar

    Luke Salazar7 klukkustundum síðan

    Jeffrey Epstein didn't kill himself

  17. Freeman

    Freeman7 klukkustundum síðan

    Two minutes in and 🤯

  18. Screaming Fox

    Screaming Fox7 klukkustundum síðan

    It reminded me of those goombas on teh mario movie xd

  19. Robert Stefan

    Robert Stefan7 klukkustundum síðan

    this is called magic

  20. Nils Rungholm Jensen

    Nils Rungholm Jensen8 klukkustundum síðan

    This might be slightly off-topic, but I'm borderline face-blind, and it _just now_ occured to me that you are, in fact, *not* Brian Jordan Alvarez.

  21. Juna

    Juna8 klukkustundum síðan

    I mean, this might sound super "I'm 15 and just discovered BIG THOUGHTS" but it seems like universally, the yin of chaos can't exist without the yang of order to give chaos any meaning at all. Does that have any relation to this video? Probably not but... my brain feels bigger now.

  22. Cameron Berger

    Cameron Berger9 klukkustundum síðan

    You should check out Wolfram's a 'New Kind of Science' or Wolfram Physics Project, might be a good topic for a video

  23. Jean Letourneau

    Jean Letourneau9 klukkustundum síðan

    Using the wrong thinking! Not complex if you use synthetic thinking, as analysis is useless in complex systems, Einstein 101

  24. thatcher grenby

    thatcher grenby9 klukkustundum síðan

    Thos clocks in the animated part at like 3:00 to 4:00 sound like the Minecraft noise of cliicking

  25. Michael Deierhoi

    Michael Deierhoi9 klukkustundum síðan

    Very cool exploration into this phenomena that goes way beyond just the synchronization of metronomes.

  26. Vrun Zee

    Vrun Zee9 klukkustundum síðan

    🥰💕💕💕🥰

  27. The Fishing Experience

    The Fishing Experience10 klukkustundum síðan

    Well this is random on my recommended but I guess I like watching cody's lab a little to much

  28. Hima Vamsi

    Hima Vamsi10 klukkustundum síðan

    This video is 100 times better than my B-Tech Project on Synchronization.

  29. Júlio Santos DrMr conta antiga

    Júlio Santos DrMr conta antiga10 klukkustundum síðan

    haha claping in circus be like

  30. Shabloomy Kazoo

    Shabloomy Kazoo10 klukkustundum síðan

    I do like how luscious Christiaan Huygens hair is depicted in this video. (Not saying it wasnt’t in real life cause damn)

  31. Zachary Lowe

    Zachary Lowe11 klukkustundum síðan

    So why don’t planets orbit the same way around the sun as moons around planets? Especially the closer ones like mercury? You would think after millions, let alone billions of years it would add up.

  32. Frafra Zoomer

    Frafra Zoomer11 klukkustundum síðan

    19:12 Yet you are the people that will make huge decisions about peoples lives based on the climate system or on *one* virus spreading

  33. Ankit Sd

    Ankit Sd11 klukkustundum síðan

    The horse thingy was available for us to buy in our schools. It was just fun then and it became amazing now.

  34. Kpop Lab Pro

    Kpop Lab Pro11 klukkustundum síðan

    5:00 the little blue and green dots in the bottom of the soda can - I seen similar in shops - what is it for?

  35. Captain Ballistics

    Captain Ballistics11 klukkustundum síðan

    I’ve noticed this happening when two guys are shooting fully automatic weapons

  36. نور رحيم

    نور رحيم11 klukkustundum síðan

    This topic i like it the most..its about synchronization.. Good job Veritasium!!.. The way u try ur best to down on earth and let common people understand you is very appreciated!. Hugh applause!!!..and then now let us put this theory on human.. About the power of synchronization. The great synchronization in religious.😉. There are so many of religion, so many million of Gods and so more invented by mankind, and all of it just make it divide us more and more and became hostile and randomise in religious. Right?. That is the first rule of theory is unsynchonize and randomness . And now the second rule is to became synchronization and unrandomness, to came down and settlement.. what will happen is sooner or later humankind can't be helped but to synchronise to believe in one true God! U know why? Because within this theory all randomness unsynchronise of matter will come to one point the great synchonization..Right?. Do u see it?. U are very smart person. U should see it. Its ONE! No matter two object collide..they will became one as a pair..two pair collide it will became double cycle pair.. The number will grow. And they will always became one . This thing is happen because the single basic atom is from one neutron and one proton. From randomness of atomic world of proton/neutron either way they all will find their pair just to became one. They need to submit to the great attraction. And eventually they will decay but for the purpose to became one! Just like religion! Why people invented religious or Gods if there are non approval act of God? Unless their are. Right! The One God always exist. This great synchronization is a way to tell human its only One True God. U can find it with ur smart brain. The sign is very clear as bright of daylight! And its Islam is the approval way of life under His law. And sure did community of Islam will always appreciate the person so bright like. To unlock the secret of universe. And that was just only a drop of water in the vast ocean of knowledge of God Allah s.w.t itself! Dont be so late to get into sync bruh. And this might be ur call to join the pilgrimage. And i'm might be some random people write this..but i have my point. And this is holy month of Ramadhan in Islam. It's a great call to ur synchronization. Thats all, good luck..and keep always make us bright!

  37. Stefan Filipov

    Stefan Filipov11 klukkustundum síðan

    Everything seems so simple and natural and yet trying to understand it is so complex and extraordinary. Just like mathematics, physics and music. They are not just numbers, scales, and formulas. All they need is some passion and spirit to start living.

  38. Chalce kid

    Chalce kid11 klukkustundum síðan

    Proof lockstep is possible 4:55 Donk-Donk And now for the urge to take a certain abandoned game and propose a brand new plot around this theory.

  39. Dmn_T

    Dmn_T12 klukkustundum síðan

    The clock synchronisation is because it would cause major lag in the matrix so they make them sync up to use less code

  40. Aluraine

    Aluraine12 klukkustundum síðan

    Tippler's Omega Point

  41. etonemoilogin

    etonemoilogin13 klukkustundum síðan

    "spontaneously arise". Meh. Remove beer cans from first sample or put devices to solid table and refilm it please for spontaneous synchronization. Thank you.

  42. Edwin Lawrence

    Edwin Lawrence13 klukkustundum síðan

    Intelligent creator??

  43. Scott

    Scott13 klukkustundum síðan

    Does this mean that eventually all of ther planets in our solar system will eventually sync up?

  44. Wilson The Ball

    Wilson The Ball13 klukkustundum síðan

    It’s incredible how much more interesting this video is compared to what the thumbnail lets on.

  45. SIMJ DEL

    SIMJ DEL13 klukkustundum síðan

    Try different sizes of metronome nomore sychronization will happen. 👍

  46. Brawl Stars Gamer

    Brawl Stars Gamer13 klukkustundum síðan

    Please make a video on Twin Paradox

  47. Daniel Dickinson

    Daniel Dickinson13 klukkustundum síðan

    The source of the order is God

  48. Ecstasy

    Ecstasy14 klukkustundum síðan

    Bgm work. Mind Blowing..

  49. Vincenzo Chieppa

    Vincenzo Chieppa14 klukkustundum síðan

    The video is extremely interesting...... and I was just trying to figure out how this phenomenon coukd have implications in stocks prices and in financial markets in general😀

  50. Donald Pesavento Jr

    Donald Pesavento Jr14 klukkustundum síðan

    It’s not disorder it’s variation

  51. Dan L

    Dan L14 klukkustundum síðan

    I'm hearing The Police

  52. crandf

    crandf15 klukkustundum síðan

    Ok, but why do women living together synchronize their menstruation?

  53. S Gs

    S Gs15 klukkustundum síðan

    What's the song at 3 00 min

  54. Khan F

    Khan F15 klukkustundum síðan

    It's like in a school hall. Amazing 👏

  55. Renato Hazenbram

    Renato Hazenbram15 klukkustundum síðan

    this is a knowledge taught in the Caibalion (Hermeticism) The Principle of Mentalism. The Principle of Correspondence. The Principle of Vibration. The Polarity Principle. The Rhythm Principle. The Principle of Cause and Effect. The Principle of Gender.

  56. D C

    D C15 klukkustundum síðan

    I have walked around my whole life thinking one thing. In one video, it's all changed.

  57. Jeremy Martens

    Jeremy Martens15 klukkustundum síðan

    in germany it is illegal to walk in step with groups over bridges. Dowsnt matter if army or not. ahhhhh germany

  58. ariel tulian

    ariel tulian15 klukkustundum síðan

    Spanish! Please

  59. Mitja N

    Mitja N16 klukkustundum síðan

    😆

  60. John David

    John David16 klukkustundum síðan

    THAT IS THE UGLIEST BRIDGE I EVER SAW.

  61. Ben Wathen

    Ben Wathen16 klukkustundum síðan

    My respect for this channel went up another notch when you said London...without having to say England after (sorry, pet hate)

  62. bofooit gojo

    bofooit gojo16 klukkustundum síðan

    does feel like predicting the future sometimes I'm not gonna lie.

  63. d3g4

    d3g416 klukkustundum síðan

    Says gravity is not a force in a previous video. Now uses gravitational force and attraction to explain synchronisation!! Am now genuinely confused 🤷‍♂️

  64. Joshua Azuelo

    Joshua Azuelo16 klukkustundum síðan

    Conformity is such a bitch

  65. K7Ks

    K7Ks16 klukkustundum síðan

    This video reminds me of a doubt I have always had and never tried to research the answer: Might be possible for vocal chords to, inadvertently for us, synchronise the frequency at which they vibrate too? I mean, not in the way that a chorus harmonize their voices but, i.e several times when I'm talking to a person who has a very high pitched tone of voice and talks a lot, I ended up with throat pain like if I was the one talking too much and raising my tone, even if I barely talked myself. Does anyone else ever realized that?

  66. bofooit gojo

    bofooit gojo16 klukkustundum síðan

    prove that. What power does the earth have above the Lord. Oh, how great He is that He should make this world and all of existence, which should strive for entropy, synchron

  67. Michael

    Michael16 klukkustundum síðan

    They synchroniz by sound waves itself on the wall. I watched it today on Discovery Science - Quick and the Curious.

  68. Robyn Stephens

    Robyn Stephens17 klukkustundum síðan

    I remember years ago being at the starting line at a sidecar motorcycle race and just before the start they where randomly revving the engines up and down. About 3 or so seconds before the green light went on all of the 30 or so engines revved as ONE. they where in synch. what a buzz that was. Btw, I was motorcycle race marshal for years and that is the only time that happened.

  69. DodgeThatAttack

    DodgeThatAttack17 klukkustundum síðan

    People: Wow people are stupid Also People: Haha Wobble bridge

  70. Fi Dru

    Fi Dru17 klukkustundum síðan

    the audience does not clap synced spontaneously. in a concert you often change from normal faster clapping to slower louder clapping. After that transition of course it gets synct but not that magical. and regarding running: if your training partner runs really noisy on a loud surface it's hard not to adapt to his or her stride. both phenomenon are caused be most peoples need to go with the rhythm.

  71. ALL IN ONE

    ALL IN ONE18 klukkustundum síðan

    i have a question for you veritasium and also viewers by the 3rd law of newton there are always a reaction on any action right ? so what does accelerate the lite if no one accelerate it then newtons law was failed so what is that ?may be thats not light because lite also moving from its speed and he can't let move a light so what is that tell me please i dont have any knowledge about it👍

  72. rd400d

    rd400d18 klukkustundum síðan

    didnt they figure out that chaos is an illusion?

  73. LifeofBeauty K

    LifeofBeauty K18 klukkustundum síðan

    You mean lightning bugs

  74. Pranjal VW

    Pranjal VW19 klukkustundum síðan

    Looks like North Korean military Marching

  75. Atomic Ambition

    Atomic Ambition19 klukkustundum síðan

    ever noticed that all the great inventions are by men? men have built and developed our civilization. wtf have women done

  76. Yeniçe

    Yeniçe19 klukkustundum síðan

    God.

  77. yves2075

    yves207519 klukkustundum síðan

    I've read Steven Strogatz' "Sync" book a decade ago, and it was enthralling. Thank you for writing that, Professor!

  78. Saurabh Gotmare

    Saurabh Gotmare21 klukkustund síðan

    Hi, I think the same principle is applied when pumpkins are grown in larger size by playing music (positive vibrations/ waves) alongside while it’s growing..

  79. Saurabh Gotmare

    Saurabh Gotmare21 klukkustund síðan

    Nicola Tesla had rightly Said - everything is wave.. every particle had frequency..

  80. Victor van der Drift

    Victor van der Drift21 klukkustund síðan

    "The bridge had undergone a phase transition" ... How do I get excited about this sentence? 😂

  81. Isaac

    Isaac23 klukkustundum síðan

    Really Great video. Would you do us a favor and talk about the safety of the radioactive water Japan is planning to dump into the ocean? Really really concerned

  82. Leo van den Brandt

    Leo van den Brandt23 klukkustundum síðan

    When you’ve read the HP books and realize just how awesome his YT name is...

  83. Oliver Barber

    Oliver BarberDegi Síðan síðan

    “The whole is more than the sum of the parts” -19:19ish. I like to hear this. I believe we have souls and individuality. There’s a reason consciousness doesn’t make sense when it’s speculated upon from a perspective that omits the existence of God. We are who He made us and I am not you nor you me. I am who He says I am and science can only prove that. What power does the earth have above the Lord. Oh, how great He is that He should make this world and all of existence, which should strive for entropy, synchronize in ways specifically designed to support us. He didn’t make everything then decide to put us in it. He made all of existence just to have us and know us and that we may know Him!

  84. jaymz1999

    jaymz199914 klukkustundum síðan

    Gods? Really?🙄

  85. Bird Box

    Bird BoxDegi Síðan síðan

    its simple!

  86. Mr. Logician

    Mr. LogicianDegi Síðan síðan

    Matter can behave like this, but mind has different mechanisms, it can still swim accross the stream, even when whole world seems to be against one mind, mind can still keep moving in the direction of its will

  87. Nosho

    NoshoDegi Síðan síðan

    Gaining a better understanding of the wide range of effects of feedback loops and emergent behaviour is the next big leap for most sciences.

  88. Berika Beridze

    Berika BeridzeDegi Síðan síðan

    Very interesting video, thanks! And what about the synchronization in living organisms? For example, in Humans dance synchronization. Or is there any other exaples? Maybe in Birds on other mammals? Or even unicellular organisms 🤔

  89. Jason Spades

    Jason SpadesDegi Síðan síðan

    This happens with my blinker when I'm at a red light.

  90. (¬̃ ‿¬̃)

    (¬̃ ‿¬̃)Degi Síðan síðan

    Full of ads 👎🏻

  91. Jesus

    Jesus21 klukkustund síðan

    so he can earn money theres nothing wrong with that

  92. festus ewere

    festus ewereDegi Síðan síðan

    Nice video

  93. Briz KT

    Briz KTDegi Síðan síðan

    A thought that occurred to me is where, if applicable at all, does the harmonic series (Sigma 1/n to infinity) come in? Nearly all, if not all, naturally occurring synchronizations can be mathematically represented via the harmonic series, from music, rotating bodies, and wave dynamics.

  94. Veritmasium

    VeritmasiumDegi Síðan síðan

    Thanks for your comment

  95. Daryl Thomas

    Daryl ThomasDegi Síðan síðan

    So its proven, even God has OCD.

  96. Mullcrum the Sage

    Mullcrum the SageDegi Síðan síðan

    Well it's simple really..the internal mechanism does it.

  97. Moop win

    Moop winDegi Síðan síðan

    Spiral energy is real gurren laggan did happen

  98. Samyak Kasliwal

    Samyak KasliwalDegi Síðan síðan

    I wish I could work with a genius like you

  99. S4T1NSDAD

    S4T1NSDADDegi Síðan síðan

    the pendulum clock thing always happens with a indicator on a car

  100. Aesop De Moor

    Aesop De MoorDegi Síðan síðan

    theory is flawed from the start.

  101. Rwdphotos

    RwdphotosDegi Síðan síðan

    I was hoping it would go into more specifics how conservation of momentum might play a part.

  102. Aesop De Moor

    Aesop De MoorDegi Síðan síðan

    bla bla bla, big word jargon for pendulum and gyro effects Newtons cradle

  103. Aesop De Moor

    Aesop De MoorDegi Síðan síðan

    speed and rate of people stepping

  104. g

    gDegi Síðan síðan

    Yo awesome video bro my friend Christian loves you so I love you too ❤️

  105. Pedro Hugo

    Pedro HugoDegi Síðan síðan

    What if you put them perpendicular to eachother? Like, the object itself perpendicular to eachother on top of the platform.